Goiaba (pronounced goi-ah-ba), also known as guava, is a tropical fruit similar in size to an apple or pear with hard green outer rind. The flesh of the fruit is a pink, creamy pulp with small seeds. It has a sweet taste and a bouquet of sweet, flowery aromas that can be difficult to describe yet not easily forgotten and definitely unique.
The reddish pink variety grown in the Amazon regions of Brazil are known as some of the tastiest. In fact, Brazil overall is the worlds largest producer of Goiaba. Its flavor has been described as having subtle notes of pear, strawberry, papaya, pineapple and lemons. Goiaba contains essential vitamins and minerals which make for a healthy addition to anyone’s diet and is recognized for having an ideal source of nutrients necessary for immune support.
Over the centuries, the fruit has been spread around the world with the more common name of Guava in Mexico and parts of Latin America, and Guayaba in Spanish-speaking countries.
Goiaba is commonly consumed transformed into juices, flavored drinks, sweets, sorbets & ice creams, mouses, merengues and more. While goiaba has been used medicinally throughout history, it is often prized more in certain regions of the globe for its sweetness and delicious flavor.
The most dominant vitamin in Goiaba is Vitamin C, but many of the B Vitamin complex are also present in addition to many other minerals that restore essential body electrolytes like potassium, phosphorus, manganese and magnesium.
Scientific studies suggest that regular consumption of fruits rich in vitamin-C helps the human body develop resistance against infectious agents and harmful free radicals. Furthermore, it is essential for collagen synthesis within the body. Collagen is one of the chief structural protein in the human body necessary for maintaining the integrity of blood vessels, skin, organs, and bones.
The fruit is also a good source of Vitamin-A, and flavonoids like beta-carotene, lycopene, lutein and cryptoxanthin. The compounds are known to have antioxidant properties and therefore essential for optimum health. 100 g of pink guava fruit provides 5204 µg of lycopene, nearly twice the amount than in tomatoes. (100 g tomato contains 2573 µg of lycopene). Studies suggest that lycopene in pink guavas prevents skin damage from UV rays and may offer protection from prostate issues.
Goiaba is a good source of potassium. It contains more potassium than other fruits like banana per weight. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps controlling heart rate and blood pressure.
Further, the fruit is also a moderate source of B-complex vitamins such as pantothenic acid, niacin, vitamin-B6 (pyridoxine), vitamin E and K, as well as minerals like magnesium, copper, and manganese.
Goiaba is indigenous to the rainforest regions of most of the warmest tropical areas in South America, including the Amazon, and the Caribbean. The goiaba tree was already well established in indigenous cultures long before the arrival of colonizing Europeans. Medicine men in South American indigenous cultures frequently used all of the parts of the tree including the stems, leaves, bark and seeds to treat an astonishing number of ailments.
Soon after the colonization of the Americas, the seeds were spread throughout the world. Today, Goiaba is commonly grown in the Amazon and northeast of Brazil, and as far away as the rainforests of Southeast Asia. You may even still find wild goiaba trees growing throughout the various islands of the Caribbean and northern regions of South America with the fruit sold in local markets.
The fruit pulp is excellent for making drinks and sorbets and, though slightly sour-acid, can also be eaten out of hand.
The Goiaba tree (Psidium guajava) belongs to the Myrtaceae species of trees. The species orginated in American tropics, and grows all over Brazil and the Caribbean. It is a small broadleaf, evergreen tree that produces medium, round-shaped fruits with delicious pink creamy pulp inside. The trees grow in areas with high humidity and warm temperate winters.
The goiaba tree fruits in the 3rd year and produces year round in good growing conditions.
At Amafruits, we use goiaba from small family farmers in the Amazon regions of Brazil, where it is pulped to remove any seed, then pureed and immediately frozen in convenenient individual serving packs without any additives.